Byzantine shipwrecks reveal advanced shipbuilding techniques This method was employed by a reconstruction team and the crew report that the hull would creak at sea, as the planks move against one another, but it would hold together. It is not the timber frame that made the hull water tight, it is the linen cloth they applied.
A labrys from Messara Plain. In Greek mythology, King Minos dwelt in a palace at Knossos.
He had Daedalus construct a labyrintha very large maze by some connected with the double-bladed axe, or labrys in which to retain his son, the Minotaur. Daedalus also built a dancing floor for Queen Ariadne. The myth of the Minotaur tells that Theseus, a prince from Athens, whose father is an ancient Greek king named Aegeusreason for the name of the Greek sea the Aegean Seasailed to Crete, where he was forced to fight a terrible creature called the Minotaur.
The Minotaur was a half man, half bull, and was kept in the Labyrinth — a building like a maze — by the king Minos, the ruler of Crete. Before he entered the Labyrinth to fight the Minotaur, Ariadne gave him a ball of thread which he unwound as he went into the Labyrinth so that he could find his way back by following it.
Theseus killed the Minotaur, and then he and Ariadne fled from Crete, escaping her angry father. As it turns out, there probably was an association of the word labyrinth, whatever its etymology, with ancient Crete. The sign of the double axe was used throughout the Mycenaean world as an apotropaic mark: Axes were scratched on many of the stones of the palace.
It appears in pottery decoration and is a motif of the Shrine of the Double Axes at the palace, as well as of many shrines throughout Crete and the Aegean. And finally, it appears in Linear B on Knossos Tablet Gg as da-pu2-ri-to-jo po-ti-ni-ja, which probably represents the Mycenaean Greek Daburinthoio potniai, "to the mistress of the Labyrinth," recording the distribution of one jar of honey.
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October Learn how and when to remove this template message Fieldwork in revealed that during the early Iron Age, Knossos was rich in imports and was nearly three times larger than indicated by earlier excavations. Whilst archaeologists had previously believed that the city had declined in the wake of a socio-political collapse around BC, the work found that the city had prospered instead, with its final abandonment coming later.
The city had two ports: According to the geographer Strabo the Knossians colonized the city of Brundisium in Italy.
The city employed a Phocian mercenary named Phalaikos against their enemy, the city of Lyttus.
In the 3rd century BC Knossos expanded its power to dominate almost the entire island, but during the Lyttian War in BC it was checked by a coalition led by the Polyrrhenians and the Macedonian king Philip V.
Many of them were inscribed with Knosion or Knos on the obverse and an image of a Minotaur or Labyrinth on the reverse.
A gem of hospitality in Crete. Knossos Beach is a five-star hotel in Heraklion Crete located in one of the most popular beaches of the Cretan Sea, in Kokkini Hani, on the sea shore, constituting a trademark for the tourist map of the area. Knossos (pronounced Kuh-nuh-SOS) is the ancient Minoan palace and surrounding city on the island of Crete, sung of by Homer in his Odyssey: “Among their cities is the great city of Cnosus, where Minos reigned when nine years old, . The Minoan civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands which flourished from about to BC, before a late period of decline, finally ending around BC.
The Romans believed they were the first to colonize Knossos. Discovery and modern history of the antiquities[ edit ] Main article: Knossos modern history The site of Knossos was discovered in by Minos Kalokairinos.
The excavations in Knossos began in by the English archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans — and his team, and continued for 35 years. Its size far exceeded his original expectations, as did the discovery of two ancient scripts, which he termed Linear A and Linear Bto distinguish their writing from the pictographs also present.
From the layering of the palace Evans developed an archaeological concept of the civilization that used it, which he called Minoan, following the pre-existing custom of labelling all objects from the location Minoan.History of Minoan Crete Geography and Economy of Crete The island of Crete is located in the center of the eastern Mediterranean at the crossroads of .
The Palace of Knossos is located just south of modern-day Heraklion near the north coast of Crete.
Built by a civilization that we call the Minoans, it covers about , square feet (14, The history of Greece can be traced back to Stone Age hunters.
Later came early farmers and thecivilizations of the Minoan and Mycenaean kings. Explore the Minoan Palace of Knossos and the nearby city of Heraklion on a 6-hour Crete tour! With an expert local guide, walk around the ruins and excavations of the island’s vast ancient palace (entrance own expense), and learn about the Greek mythological tales that are linked to it.4/5(40).
Before work began in Crete by the British archaeologist Evans at Knossos (), and his American contemporary Harriet Boyd at Gournia (; see Box 1), knowledge of the Bronze Age Minoan culture was only faintly reflected in a few Classical Greek myths. The Minoan civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands which flourished from about to BC, before a late period of decline, finally ending around BC.