Overview[ edit ] Ethicist David W. Jones writes that ethics and morality are not strictly synonymous. Instead, it offers rather than argues, a moral vision that is suggestive and case-based.
Sources[ edit ] In the Wesleyan tradition, Christian theology and thus Christian ethics are informed by four distinguishable sources known as the Wesleyan Quadrilateral. The four sources are scripturetraditionreason, and Christian experience.
Stephen LongJewish ethics and the life of Jesus figure prominently in Christian ethics,  but "The Bible is the universal and fundamental source of specifically Christian ethics",  Long also claims "Christian ethics finds its source in diverse means, but it primarily emerges from the biblical narrative and especially the call of Abraham and Sarah and subsequent creation of the Jewish people".
Ethics in the Bible Much of Christian ethics derives from Biblical scripture and Christians have always considered the Bible profitable to teach, reprove, correct, and train in righteousness. In this, Jesus was reaffirming a teachings of Deut 6: Christ united these commands together and proposed himself as a model of the love required in John Paul is also the source of the phrase " Law of Christ ", though its meaning and the relationship of Paul of Tarsus and Judaism are still disputed.
The Pauline writings are also the major source of the New Testament household code. Its decree, known as the Apostolic Decree, was held as generally binding for several centuries and is still observed today by the Greek Orthodox.
Please help improve this section or discuss this issue on the talk page. They made use of philosophical and ethical principles laid down by their Greek philosopher forebears and the intersection of Greek and Jewish thought known as Hellenistic Judaism.
Under the Emperor Constantine I —Christianity became a legal religion. With Christianity now in power, ethical concerns broadened and included discussions of the proper role of the state. Augustine in particular made use of the ethical principles of Greek philosophy and Hellenistic Judaism.
He proceeded to develop thoroughly along philosophical lines and to establish firmly most of the truths of Christian morality.
The eternal law lex aeternathe original type and source of all temporal laws, the natural lawconscience, the ultimate end of man, the cardinal virtuessinmarriageetc. His synthesis is called Augustinianism alternatively, Augustinism.
He presents hardly a single portion of ethics to us but what he does present is enriched with his keen philosophical commentaries.
Later writers followed in his footsteps.
Scholasticism and Thomism[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Main articles: Scholasticism and Thomism A sharper line of separation between philosophy and theology, and in particular between ethics and moral theology, is first met within the works of the great Schoolmen of the Middle Ages, especially of Albertus Magnus —Thomas Aquinas —Bonaventure —and Duns Scotus — Philosophy and, by means of it, theology reaped abundant fruit from the works of Aristotle, which had until then been a sealed treasure to Western civilization, and had first been elucidated by the detailed and profound commentaries of Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas and pressed into the service of Christian philosophy.
For example, he discusses the ethics of buying and selling and concludes that although it may be legal according to human law to sell an object for more that it is worth, Divine law "leaves nothing unpunished that is contrary to virtue. January After a couple centuries of stagnation, in the sixteenth century ethical questions are again made the subject of careful investigation.
Since the sixteenth century, special chairs of ethics moral philosophy have been funded in many Catholic universities.
Among topics they discussed was the ethics of action in case of doubt, leading to the doctrine of probabilism. With the rejection of the doctrine of papal infallibility and the Roman Magisterium as the absolute religious authority, each individual, at least in principle, became the arbiter in matters pertaining to faith and morals.
Lutheran Philipp Melanchthonin his "Elementa philosophiae moralis", still clung to the Aristotelian philosophy strongly rejected by Martin Lutheras did Hugo Grotius in De jure belli et pacis.
In the 20th century some Christian philosophers, notably Dietrich Bonhoefferquestioned the value of ethical reasoning in moral philosophy.
In this school of thought, ethics, with its focus on distinguishing right from wrong, tends to produce behavior that is simply not wrong, whereas the Christian life should instead be marked by the highest form of right.
Rather than ethical reasoning, they stress the importance of meditation on, and relationship with, God.The Old Testament Roots of Sexual Ethics Going to the source of Christian views of sexual morals by Dr. John Oswalt. How shall a Christian form his or her sexual ethic?
While neither Testament has an abstract, comprehensive term or definition which parallels the modern term “ethics,” both the Old Testament and the New Testament are concerned about the manner of life that the Scripture prescribes and approves. His research interests and extensive publications have been in the areas of the Old Testament prophets, the biblical canon, biblical interpretation, and Old Testament theology.
From to , he researched Ethics in Ancient Israel, having been funded by a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship. Millar Burrows, “Old Testament Ethics and the Ethics of Jesus,” Essays in Old Testament Ethics, p.
Brevard S. Childs, Biblical Theology in Crisis (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, ), p. Tyndale Bulletin () THE USE OF THE OLD TESTAMENT FOR CHRISTIAN ETHICS IN 1 PETER Gene L. Green How did the author of 1 Peter use the OT to develop Christian.
Millar Burrows, “Old Testament Ethics and the Ethics of Jesus,” Essays in Old Testament Ethics, p. Brevard S. Childs, Biblical Theology in Crisis (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, ), p.