In the ancient Mediterranean and Near East, many of the earliest works of literature are poems with religious content. Classical Islamic literature had a type of religious poetry featuring mystical uses of love poems and standardized rhymes and imagery. A major form of English poetry of the 17th century was the devotional poetry written by many authors, including John Donne.
Christianity was born from within the Jewish tradition, and Islam developed from both Christianity and Judaism. While there have been differences among these religions, there was a rich cultural interchange between Jews, Christians, and Muslims that took place in Islamic Spain and other places over centuries.
A brief history of Judaism Judaism is the oldest surviving monotheistic religion, arising in the eastern Mediterranean in the second millennium B. Abraham is traditionally considered to be the first Jew and to have made a covenant with God.
Because Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all recognize Abraham as their first prophet, they are also called the Abrahamic religions.
Most Jews then lived in Diasporaas minorities in their communities, until the founding of the state of Israel in When Jews from all over the world came to settle in modern Israel, they found that various subcultures had developed in different areas with distinctive histories, languages, religious practices, customs, and cuisine.
Jewish cultural groups Homeless Jews arrive in search of a new life, Haifa, Palestine, July 21, Yiddish, a fusion of German and Hebrew, was the spoken language of the Ashkenazi. In Europe, Jews had tended to be segregated -- voluntarily or not -- from the Christian population.
From the late 19th and through first half of the 20th century, many Ashkenazi Jews came to Palestine to escape the persecution and discrimination they faced because of their religion. They once spoke Ladino, a mixture of Hebrew and Spanish.
Mizrahi and Sephardic Jewish communities tended to be integrated into their respective societies. Judaism in Israel and America There is great difference of opinion among Israeli Jews over the role Jewish religious law should play in the state.
Until recently, Orthodox Judaism was the only form of the religion formally and legally recognized in Israel. Although less conservative branches of Judaism now have partial recognition, Orthodoxy remains dominant politically and legally.
About half call themselves secular ; about 15 to 20 percent see themselves as Orthodox or ultra-Orthodox; and the rest describe themselves as traditionally observant, but not as strict as the Orthodox. In the United States, debate over the necessity of observing Jewish law has led to the development of three major movements.
Orthodox Jews believe that Jewish law is unchanging and mandatory. Reform and Reconstructionist Jews believe that these laws are merely guidelines that individuals can choose to follow or not. In addition, there are many Jews in the United States who are secular or atheist.
For them, their Judaism is a culture rather than a religion. Jewish law is embodied in the Torah also known as the Pentateuch and the Talmud collected commentary on the Torah completed in the fifth-century C.
Judaism is more concerned with actions than dogma. In other words, observance of rules regulating human behavior has been of more concern than debates over beliefs in the Jewish tradition.Aside from films of the poem itself and those countless English-language translations, references and allusions to it have appeared in dozens of movies and television programs: when the popular Yu-Gi-Oh trading card game finds inspiration from the master poet.
Conquest and migrations tend to create sudden transformations of a language, as we see in the history of the development of the English language and its literature.
True The organizing device of a line of verse in Anglo-Saxon poetry is alliteration. 4 • FOLKLORE Stories, legends, riddles, and proverbs are an important part of Luo culture.
They are traditionally recited in the siwindhe, which is the home of a (widowed) grandmother. Luo boys and girls gather there in the evenings to be taught the traditions of their culture. Xiaoli Yang has done extensive research into Chinese culture and poetry.
Chinese poetry gives us a window into Chinese views of identity, freedom and communal belonging. It opens us conversations between Chinese cultural themes and other ways of seeing the world. You may have arrived at this page because you followed a link to one of our old platforms that cannot be redirected.
Cambridge Core is the new academic platform from Cambridge University Press, replacing our previous platforms; Cambridge Journals Online (CJO), Cambridge Books Online (CBO), University Publishing Online (UPO), Cambridge Histories Online (CHO), Cambridge Companions Online (CCO. Other Old English poems include various riddles, charms (magic cures, pagan in origin), saints' lives, gnomic poetry, and other Christian and heroic verse.
The verse form for Old English poetry is an alliterative line of four stressed syllables and an unfixed number of unstressed syllables broken by a caesura and arranged in one of several patterns.