Mental Health Care System The history of mental illness in the United States is a good representation of the ways in which trends in psychiatry and cultural understanding of mental illness influence national policy and attitudes towards mental health. Early History of Mental Illness 1 Many cultures have viewed mental illness as a form of religious punishment or demonic possession. In ancient Egyptian, Indian, Greek, and Roman writings, mental illness was categorized as a religious or personal problem. In the 5th century B.
Healthcare in Canada is governed by the Canada Health Act. The objective of the Canada Health Act is to protect, promote and restore the mental and physical well-being of Canadians and to ensure reasonable access to health services regardless of personal factors such as income, education or cultural differences.
There are still several services that remain either unfunded or only partially funded. Many Canadians have likely encountered this gap upon visits to the dentist or optometrist where only partial coverage, if any, is available. That service is mental health. The Mental Health Commission of Canada states that while 1 in 5 Canadians will experience mental health challenges in any given year, only 1 in 3 actually report seeking treatment.
Lack of access to mental health services and unfriendly environments to discuss mental health lead to absenteeism, lack of productivity and rising claims among employees. These costs have raised cause for concern.
The lack of accessibility to mental health services has led healthcare providers, researchers, policy experts to make calls for Canadian health care reform. One such call has been for the creation of a federal plan to tackle the historically neglected area of mental health.
Although the provinces and territories have adopted Mental Health legislation specific to them, the federal government has yet to draft legislation which would be binding on all.
National legislation may be beneficial in ensuring consistent access to mental health services across the country and could help bring an end to discrimination suffered by those experiencing mental health difficulties.
The government has taken some steps to address these calls for reform. The Commission is an arms-length independent agency acting under the federal government whose mandate was to draft the first mental health strategy for Canada.
They claim to bring justice to the meaning that there can be no health without mental health. The Strategy takes a holistic approach acknowledges that we will not reduce the impact of mental health problems through treatment alone.
In their Strategy they state that we must pay more attention to the promotion of mental health and prevention where possible, and encourage and facilitate open conversations and advocacy surrounding mental health.
The Strategy further acknowledges that this is not the problem of the health sector alone but requires collaboration among multiple government departments e.
With all the compelling evidence for the efficacy of prevention and promotion programs and rising costs of neglecting to address mental health ailments, the Commissions claims that as a country we cannot wait any longer.
The six Strategic Directions are stated below and follow this link for more details: Promote mental health across the lifespan in homes, schools, and workplaces, and prevent mental illness and suicide wherever possible.
Foster recovery and well-being for people of all ages living with mental health problems and illnesses, and uphold their rights.
Provide access to the right combination of services, treatments and supports, when and where people need them. Reduce disparities in risk factors and access to mental health services, and strengthen the response to the needs of diverse communities and Northerners.
Mobilize leadership, improve knowledge, and foster collaboration at all levels. Due to the historic neglect of mental health, the Commission acknowledges that change will be slow.
Their proposed approach for funding calls for incremental changes over an extended period of time. However, as of the CHMA confirms that no changes in the funding for mental health services has been made.
Overall, the Strategy sets realistic goals and places mental health as a task for all Canadians. Since it has been 5 years since the release of the Strategy, this leads us to ask where are we now?
Mental health has received increased attention in media, political discourse, and legislation or strategies for certain groups e. Residual stigma and hesitance to increase public funding provide the most obvious explanations for the lack of action.
How to launch reform into health care, in terms of policy and spending, is indeed a real concern for legislators. In SpringJustin Trudeau vowed to provide more support for mental health, both in regards to de-stigmatization and increased public spending.
The Liberal government plans to negotiate a new Health Accord with the provinces that will make mental health more accessible. Letters sent to Premiers on September 28, signal that the initial stages of this new Health Accord may be underway. The letter states that there may be some strings attached for any new money the government earmarks for health.
Could this finally mean the realization of the Strategy, and a better further for mental health in Canada? One would hope, as improved accessibility to mental health services was a key policy platform for the Liberals in their election campaign.
Government action on mental health could lead to decreased stigma by making mental health services more accessible. As the Commission notes in their strategy, the government must crave the path for bringing mental health out of the shadows through policy and funding.
If we make services easier to access this could have the effect of encouraging Canadians to reach out for help, and would encourage open discussion about mental health in our society.
This in turn could help improve mental health outcomes and reduce the daily discrimination many Canadians suffering with mental health may experience in their personal and professional lives.In today’s digital world, many of us find ourselves bombarded with a wealth of media content, particularly online.
Though endless pages of content may be available to us at the click of a button, it can be particularly difficult to find meaningful, quality content online, especially in regards to mental . Fountain House: Creating Community in Mental Health Practice [Alan Doyle, Julius Lanoil, Kenneth Dudek] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Often people with mental illness feel alone in society, with no place to go and little hope. Their isolation can be further perpetuated through typical approaches to treatment.
Published: Mon, 15 Jan This chapter will examine the term stigma and discuss the negative attitudes that the public hold towards mental health and mental illness and suggest why they may have adopted these views and attitudes. Jun 25, · Cost of not caring: Stigma set in stone.
and supportive services to people with mental illness – both in the community and in hospitals – has overburdened emergency rooms, crowded state. The Journal of Global Health is committed to featuring original student research in public health and spotlighting grassroots public health activism and provides a forum for students to catalyze dialogue and spark productive exchange.
While no one is immune to substance use disorder, some groups are more at risk than others. One such group is the LGBTQ+ community, primarily due to the various mental health disorders that develop as a result of rejection, abuse, discrimination, and ostracism from society or even their own homes.