Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs Fact Sheet July 17, More information about Philippines is available on the Philippines Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. The Manila Declaration signed in reaffirmed the U. There is also a focus on economic, commercial, and people-to-people ties. There are an estimated four million U.
He was the first European to reach the islands. Out of the five ships and more than men who left on the Magellan expedition inonly one ship the Victoria and 18 men returned to Seville, Spain on September 6, Nevertheless, the said expedition was considered historic because it marked the first circumnavigation of the globe and proved that the world was round.
Juan Sebastian de Elcanothe master of ship "Concepcion" took over the command of the expedition after the death of Magellan and captained the ship "Victoria" back to Spain.
He and his men earned the distinction of being the first to circumnavigate the world in one full journey. Five subsequent expeditions were then sent to the Islands. Only the last two actually reached the Philippines; and only Legazpi succeeded in colonizing the Islands.
He followed the route taken by Magellan and reached Mindanao on February 2, He established a colony in Sarangani but could not stay long because of insufficient food supply. His fleet left the island and landed on Tidore in the Moluccas, where they were captured by the Portuguese.
However, when Philip II succeeded his father to the throne inhe instructed Luis de Velasco, the viceroy of Mexico, to prepare a new expedition — to be headed by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, who would be accompanied by Andres de Urdanetaa priest who had survived the Loaisa mission.
After a short struggle with the natives, he proceeded to Leyte, then to Camiguin and to Bohol. There Legaspi made a blood compact with the chieftain, Datu Sikatuna as a sign of friendship. Legaspi was able to obtain spices and gold in Bohol due to his friendship with Sikatuna.
On April 27,Legaspi returned to Cebu; destroyed the town of Raja Tupas and establish a settlement. They built the the port of Fuerza de San Pedro which became the Spanish trading outpost and stronghold for the region. Hearing of the riches of Manilaan expedition of men headed by Martin de Goiti left Cebu for Manila.
They found the islands of Panay and Mindoro. Goiti arrived in Manila on May 8, At first they were welcomed by the natives and formed an alliance with Rajah Suliman, their Muslim king but as the locals sensed the true objectives of the Spaniards, a battle between the troops of Suliman and the Spaniards erupted.
Because the Spaniards are more heavily armed, the Spaniards were able to conquer Manila.
Legaspi built alliances and made peace with Rajahs Suliman, Lakandula and Matanda. InLegaspi ordered the construction of the walled city of Intramuros and proclaimed it as the seat of government of the colony and the capital of the islands.
Why the Philippines was easily conquered Through largely outnumbered, the Spaniards who came to colonize the Philippines easily took control of our country.
How did this happen? The best possible explanation is that the natives lacked unity and a centralized form of government.
Although the barangays already functioned as units of governance, each one existed independently of the other, and the powers that each Datu enjoyed were confined only to his own barangay. No higher institution united the barangays, and the Spaniards took advantage of this situation.
They used the barangays that were friendly to them in order to subdue the barangays that were not. Continue to Spain as Colonial Masters.Culture of The Philippines - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family No-Sa. Manila Manila, Philippines.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Manila has been the principal city of the Philippines for four centuries and is the centre of its industrial development as . + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders.
+ free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The emergence of the Chilean nation is intimately related to the cultural and social features of the country's rural society.
The Intertek story starts at the inception of the modern testing industry. The history of Intertek goes back over years, and evolves from the combined growth of a number of innovative companies.