Develops cognitive blocks that prevent adoption of adult role-schemas Engages in childlike behavior Shows extensive dependency upon others and no meaningful engagement with the community of adults Drifter Possesses greater psychological resources than the Refuser i. The strategic manipulator is a person who begins to regard all senses of identity merely as role-playing exercises, and who gradually becomes alienated from his or her social "self". The pastiche personality abandons all aspirations toward a true or "essential" identity, instead viewing social interactions as opportunities to play out, and hence become, the roles they play. Finally, the relational self is a perspective by which persons abandon all sense of exclusive self, and view all sense of identity in terms of social engagement with others.
The model assumes that intergroup bias reflects in-group favoritism rather than outgroup derogation. In the model, Gaertner describes the behavior, emotional and social interactions between the group members to be the start of the recategorization process, or the causes see Figure 1. The outcomes or consequences of those cognitive and motivational processes then changes an individual's attitude to be more positive toward the outgroup.
The model also includes representational mediators, or the recategorization processes that change the way we view the group. An example representational mediator would be the recategorization of an individual's ingroup and the outgroup from "us" and "them" to "we".
Diagram of the Gaertner's common ingroup identity model The causal factors left in the model are proposed to influence members' cognitive representations of the whole group. The cognitive representations of an individual such as whether they perceive themselves as one group or two subgroups within one group will then affect the specific cognitive, affective and behavioral consequences right.
The causal factors of the model influences an individual's cognitive representation center of their memberships to their ingroup and outgroup that consequently mediate the relationship.
Development of the model[ edit ] Although, social categorization usually occurs spontaneously on the basis of proximity, similarities, or even shared fate, it is not completely uncontrollable or unalterable.
The common ingroup identity group model harnesses the forces of how we categorize ourselves into social groups and redirects it towards the elimination of intergroup bias with recategorization. Recategorization encourages the members of both groups to consider themselves as belonging to a common superordinate group.
Furthermore, recategorization does not require an individual to reject their original subgroup identity in favor of the new inclusive group identity. Rather, a dual identity may be present, whereby individuals view themselves as members of different groups working towards the same goals.
Consequently, the cognitive and motivational processes that usually generate positive feelings towards ingroup members are therefore extended or redirected to former outgroup members because of their recategorized ingroup status.
Research[ edit ] A large body of research in meaningful 'real-world' contexts lends support to the applicability of the common ingroup identity model. In a diverse range of intergroup situations, it has been demonstrated that the conditions specified by the contact hypothesis i. These findings have been demonstrated among diverse groups including students attending a multiethnic high school,  banking executives who had experienced a corporate merger,  and in recently formed stepfamilies.
In a field experiment conducted at the University of Delaware football stadium,  interviewers either White or Black approached White football fans wearing either a home team hat the common ingroup identity condition or an away team hat the control condition.
Football fans complied with Black interviewers more when the interviewer was wearing the home team hat, suggesting that Black outgroup members were treated more favourably when they were perceived to share a more inclusive common ingroup identity.
Two groups of four participants AAAA and BBBB met in separate rooms to discuss a solution to a problem and then convened around an octagonal table as one group.
Results indicated that participants who experienced greater integrated seating experienced the merger as one unit and exhibited less ingroup bias. Similarly, relative value of members' contribution to the solution, ratings of friendliness between and within subgroups, and confidence in the merged group's solution increased with greater seat integration.
Participants who regarded the aggregate group as one entity perceived the group as more cooperative, democratic, pleasant, close, and successful than participants who viewed the aggregate group as two units.
These results suggest manipulation of seating arrangements changes group representations and influenced group bias. In this experiment, salient superordinate and subgroup identities were demonstrated to increase behavioral compliance with request for assistance from a person of different race, as explained above.Such people act on their mistaken or irrational beliefs and end up creating problems for themselves.
Identity is not just what you know; it is also how you know. People are not born with an identity. Rather, identity is something that evolves over time.
Cultural identity issues have a relationship to mental health both in terms of different attitudes to wellbeing, self, personality and family, as well as issues surrounding struggles with identity .
Get an answer for 'Discuss the issue of cultural identity.' and find homework help for other Literature questions at eNotes.
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Self Identity Problems.
Get an answer for 'Discuss the issue of cultural identity.' and find homework help for other Literature questions at eNotes. Self Identity Problems. Mark Dombeck, Ph.D. Identity. People's identity is rooted in their identifications; in what they associated themselves with. What a person associates him or herself with is ultimately who that person is, for all identity is ultimately in relationship to something else. Common Tactics ; Exploring Historical. preventing identity theft, one issue concerning policymakers is the prevalence of personally identifiable information—and in particular, the prevalence of Social Security numbers (SSNs)— in both the private and public sectors.
Mark Dombeck, Ph.D. Identity. People's identity is rooted in their identifications; in what they associated themselves with. What a person associates him or herself with is ultimately who that person is, for all identity is ultimately in relationship to something else.
Common Tactics ; Exploring Historical. In the modern setting, cultural identity is a very important issue. To a great extent, cultural identity plays a defining role in how a person sees themselves and the world around them.