Back to Top Conservatism or conservativism is any political philosophy that favors tradition in the sense of various religious, cultural, or nationally-defined beliefs and customs in the face of external forces for change, and is critical of proposals for radical social change.
Social conservatism in Canada Save Social conservatism in Canada represents conservative positions on issues of familysexuality and morality.
In the European and North American context, social conservatives believe in natural law as well as traditional family values and policies. Background Canada's political and social history stems from long established ties to conservative institutions and ideals.
The major founding institutions of pre-Confederation Canada, both in English and French Canada, were religious organizations.
Groups such as the Jesuits in Quebec and various Anglican missions in Ontario gave rise to the founding educational, political and social hierarchies of the ensuing centuries. The Catholic Church's control and influence in Quebec was insurmountable for nearly 3 centuries prior to the Quiet Revolution.
Similarly, British Toryism and Protestant puritanical ideals in Ontario were so deeply entrenched after the migration of conservative United Empire Loyalists fleeing the American Revolution that laws regarding alcohol, tobacco sales and gambling are still strictly regulated in Ontario.
At the turn of the 20th century, Toronto had strict moralistic by-laws which included a ban on Sunday sports into the s as well as Sunday shopping into the s. To this day, Ontario has some of the strictest liquor laws outside the Near and Middle East.
The extent to which conservative ideology was embedded in 19th and 20th century Canadian society is evidenced by the power and influence of Tory factions in pre-Confederation Canada, such as the Family Compact and the Chateau Clique, the prominence of the Conservative Party of Canada after Confederation and the pronounced stifling of extreme left-leaning or progressive views until after the Second World War due to widespread public aversion to Marxist ideologies.
Even to this day, social conservatism in Canada has a wide base of support outside the major urban centers of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. In modern times, however, social conservatism has not been as influential in Canada as in the past.
The main reason is that right-wing, neoliberal politics as promoted by leaders such as Paul Martin and Prime Minister Stephen Harper have not been linked to moral or social conservatism. Social change away from traditional values is generally regarded as suspect, while social values based on tradition are generally regarded as tried, tested and true.
It is a view commonly associated with religious conservatives, particularly Evangelicals or conservative Roman Catholics. Socially conservative values do not necessarily coincide with those of right-wing fiscal conservatism. Fiscally left-leaning politicians may embrace socially conservative values.
Political impact Stockwell Day In modern Canadian politics, social conservatives often felt that they were being sidelined by officials in the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. Many of them felt shunned by a party that was largely led and run by Red Tories for the last half of the twentieth century.
Despite Reform leader Preston Manning 's attempts to broaden the support of the Reform movement through populismthe party was dominated by social conservatives.
Manning's reluctance to allow his party to wholly embrace socially conservative values contributed to his deposition as leader of the new Canadian Alliance in favour of Stockwell Day.
In the Conservative Party of Canada that emerged from a coalition of Canadian Alliance members and Progressive Conservatives, social conservatives are still a force to be taken into account, but many Conservative Party supporters have been disappointed with what they regard as the minimal influence of social conservatism in the Stephen Harper government.
In part this minimal influence can be explained by the fact of a minority government, but some would blame it also on Harper's own lack of enthusiasm for the changes social conservatives would advocate.
There is a large relationship between fiscal liberalism and social conservatism among Canadian ethnic communities.
These communities which traditionally vote Liberal, may now be considered fair game to the Conservatives. Geography Social conservatism is strongest in Albertalong Canada's most conservative province, where the Social Credit movement preached evangelical values and came to power in the s.
Encyclopedia of social welfare history in North America p. Haskell, Through a lens darkly: Pilgrims in Lotus Land:The basic foundations of American conservatism can be boiled down to four fundamental concepts.
We might call them the four pillars of modern conservatism: The first pillar of conservatism is liberty, or freedom. Conservatives believe that individuals possess the right to life, liberty, and property, and freedom from the restrictions of arbitrary force.
Liberal conservatism is a political ideology combining conservative policies with liberal stances, especially on ethical and social issues, or a brand of political conservatism strongly influenced by liberalism.
SOCIAL CONSERVATIVES AND THE BOUNDARY OF POLITICS IN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES James Harold Farney explicates a key aspect of modern conservatism in North America. The transition from social movement allies to co-partisans that occurred during this. Jun 02, · For years, trends across Canadian society suggested that the social conservative movement was in trouble across Canada.
But examples such as protests to Ontario 19s sex education curriculum and the interest in Trinity Western University show that the social conservative movement still has life in it. Social Conservatism - Social Conservatism Social conservatism- an idea derived from the concepts of defending traditional norms and values- started in America .
According to Bell, some claim that the American social conservative movement will eventually fizzle out, and the United States will go the way of countries such as Great Britain or Japan on social.